Hypoglycemia was more frequent when TRULICITY was used in combination with a sulfonylurea or insulin than when used with non-secretagogues. In a 78-week adult clinical trial, hypoglycemia (glucose level <54 mg/dL) occurred in 20% and 21% of patients when TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg, respectively, were co-administered with a sulfonylurea. Severe hypoglycemia occurred in 0% and 0.7% of patients when TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg, respectively, were coadministered with a sulfonylurea. In a 52-week adult clinical trial, hypoglycemia (glucose level <54 mg/dL) occurred in 77% and 69% of patients when TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg, respectively, were co-administered with prandial insulin. Severe hypoglycemia occurred in 2.7% and 3.4% of patients when TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg, respectively, were co-administered with prandial insulin. Refer to Table 3 for the incidence of hypoglycemia in patients treated in combination with basal insulin glargine.
In the clinical trial with adult patients on TRULICITY 1.5 mg, TRULICITY 3 mg, or TRULICITY 4.5 mg once weekly, as add-on to metformin, incidences of hypoglycemia (glucose level <54 mg/dL) through 36 weeks were 1.1%, 0.3%, and 1.1%, respectively, and incidences of severe hypoglycemia were 0.2%, 0%, and 0.2%, respectively.
Cholelithiasis and Cholecystitis
In a cardiovascular outcomes trial in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and established cardiovascular (CV) disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors with a median follow up of 5.4 years [see Clinical Studies 14.5], cholelithiasis occurred at a rate of 0.62/100 patient-years in TRULICITY-treated patients and 0.56/100 patient-years in placebo-treated patients after adjusting for prior cholecystectomy. Serious events of acute cholecystitis were reported in 0.5% and 0.3% of patients on TRULICITY and placebo respectively.
Heart Rate Increase and Tachycardia-Related Adverse Reactions
In adult patients, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg resulted in a mean increase in heart rate (HR) of 2-4 beats per minute (bpm).
Adverse reactions of sinus tachycardia were reported more frequently in patients exposed to TRULICITY. Sinus tachycardia was reported in 3.0%, 2.8%, and 5.6% of patients treated with placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively. Persistence of sinus tachycardia (reported at more than 2 visits) was reported in 0.2%, 0.4% and 1.6% of patients treated with placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively. Episodes of sinus tachycardia, associated with a concomitant increase from baseline in heart rate of ≥15 beats per minute, were reported in 0.7%, 1.3% and 2.2% of patients treated with placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively.
Systemic hypersensitivity adverse reactions, sometimes severe (e.g., severe urticaria, systemic rash, facial edema, lip swelling), occurred in 0.5% of adult patients on TRULICITY in clinical studies.
In the placebo-controlled studies in adults, injection-site reactions (e.g., injection-site rash, erythema) were reported in 0.5% of TRULICITY-treated patients and in 0.0% of placebo-treated patients.
PR Interval Prolongation and Adverse Reactions of First-Degree Atrioventricular (AV) Block
A mean increase from baseline in PR interval of 2-3 milliseconds was observed in TRULICITY-treated adult patients in contrast to a mean decrease of 0.9 milliseconds in placebo-treated patients. The adverse reaction of first-degree AV block occurred more frequently in patients treated with TRULICITY than placebo (0.9%, 1.7% and 2.3% for placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively). On electrocardiograms, a PR interval increase to at least 220 milliseconds was observed in 0.7%, 2.5% and 3.2% of patients treated with placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively.
Amylase and Lipase Increase
Adult patients exposed to TRULICITY had mean increases from baseline in lipase and/or pancreatic amylase of 14% to 20%, while placebo-treated patients had mean increases of up to 3%.
Adverse Reactions in the Clinical Trial of Pediatric Patients 10 Years of Age and Older with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
TRULICITY was administered to 150 pediatric patients 10 years of age and older with type 2 diabetes mellitus for a mean duration of 41.3 weeks [see Clinical Studies (14.6)]. The mean age was 14.5 years and 71% of patients were female. Overall, 55% were White, 15% were Black or African American, 12% were Asian, 10% were American Indian or Alaska Native, 5% were other races, and 3% had unknown race. Additionally, 55% were Hispanic or Latino, 42% were not Hispanic or Latino, and 3% had unknown ethnicity. At baseline, the mean duration of type 2 diabetes mellitus was 2 years, mean HbA1c was 8.1%, mean weight was 90.5 kg and mean BMI was 34.1 kg/m2.
The safety profile in pediatric patients treated with TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg subcutaneously once-weekly was consistent with that described above for adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with the exception of injection site reactions. In pediatric patients, the incidence of injection site reactions was 3.9% (2 patients) in the TRULICITY 0.75 mg group, 3.8% (2 patients) in the TRULICITY 1.5 mg group, and 2.0% (1 patient) in the placebo group.